Copyright and intellectual property are the terms that scientists, inventors, businessmen and entrepreneurs really need to know the fundamental and the basic knowledge of them and the main differences in order to protect their ideas, products and investments. Copyright refers to the exclusive right to make copies, license, and otherwise exploit a literary, musical, or artistic work, whether printed, audio, video, etc. Statute of Anne was the first copyright law started in England in 1710, which introduced the concept of the author of a work being the owner of its copyright, and laid out fixed terms of protection. Intellectual Property is a property that results from original creative thought, as patents, copyright material, and trademarks. Thus, it can be said that copyright, trademark, and patent law fall under the umbrella of intellectual property.
The copyright legislation started to appear in other countries such as the united state in 1790, which was based on the English version of Statute of Anne. However, no global agreement for the copyright was achieved until the 19th century. The first international agreement governing copyright was the Berne Convention, which was introduced to provide mutual recognition of copyright between nation states, and to promote the development of international standards for copyright protection. The Berne Convention was first adopted in 1988 and it is still considered by all major countries as the international copyright law.
The age of Internet in the twenty first century was of great interest for people in academia, businesses and industry. However, it brings also a serious problem for many people as it put their work on-line and could be easily manipulated and copied without the permission of the owner. Another major concern is due to the development of the computing and softwares, which allow some people to hack into other people computers, and steel important data, ideas and information.
In the past, people were required to register their work in order to be protected. However, one of the biggest changes implemented by the adoption of the Berne Convention was to extend copyright protection to unpublished works, and remove the requirement for registration. In other words, In countries of the Berne Convention this means that an individual owns the copyright of any work they produce as soon as it is recorded in some way.