The Semantic Web

The Semantic Web is a web of data. It is the extension of the World Wide Web that enables people to share content beyond the boundaries of applications and websites. The semantic web refers to two things. Firstly, It is about common formats for integration and combination of data drawn from different sources, where on the original Web mainly concentrated on the interchange of documents. Secondly, It is also about language for recording how the data relates to real world objects. That allows a person, or a machine, to start off in one database, and then move through an unending set of databases, which are connected not by wires but by being about the same thing.

Artists’ Books Online represents the concept of the Semantic web as it is designed to promote critical engagement with artists books and to provide access to a digital repository of metadata, scans, and commentary. ABsOnline was started in 2004, and it is still under development by the University of Virginia. ABsOnline contains files that display a collection of books, exhibits and essays for the subject of artists. There is an index of agents (authors, publishers, binders, printers etc. of books and works represented), titles (of works, books, and sometimes objects), contributors (authors of essays, exhibits, commentary), and of collections and other resources. The information of ABsOnline is organised by DTD (The Document Type Description) (DTD) in a three-level hierarchy of Work, Edition and Object.

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The exhibits below are organised by the category work, and each work consists of many editions. Each edition may contain one object or more.

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The current Web is based mainly on documents written in Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), which describes documents and the links between them. Semantic web represented by XML, However, can describe arbitrary things such as people, meetings, or airplane parts.

One of my previous posts titled “Are we ready for Web3?, and I think the Semantic Web can answer this question. “Tim Berners-Lee has described the semantic web as a component of Web 3.0″. Further developments are required to overcome some challenges of the Semantic Web.

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